What Is So Amazing About Graphene? The New Super Material

The World’s Strongest Material- 200 times stronger than Steel!
Yet Flexible
Conducts Electricity Better than Copper

Graphene compares in significance with the Stone Age, Bronze Age and Iron Age. We will call Graphene the Graphene Age. Graphene is an allotrope (form) of carbon which consists of a single layer of carbon atomes. They form a hexagonal lattice of 2D material. It is ultra-light but also extremely tough. It is 200 times stronger than steel yet flexible. It is the thinnest material possible and is transparent. It is a better conductor than copper and is a perfect barrier.

The University of Manchester is working with Graphene in the following applications:

Energy
Membranes
Composites and Coatings
Biomedical
Sensors
Electronics
Wearable Technology

Unbrakeable Mobiles

Indium-tin oxide is the material used for touch screens now, but it is brittle. Graphene’s flexibility and durability together with its conductivity properties will transform everyday devices. You could wear your smartphone on your wrist. Your tablet could be so thin and flexible, you could roll it up and put it in your top pocket. You’d never have to worry about braking your phone again. It would be virtually indestructible.

Graphene in Batteries

Samsung have developed graphene batteries that can now charge mobile phones and car batteries faster. Much faster! With a conventional lithium battery, it takes about an hour to recharge a mobile. The new graphene battery could recharge it in 12 minutes. That is a 5 times faster.

Samsung also wants to improve electric car batteries. Imagine fully charging your electric car in only one hour. To do this, scientists at Samsung Advanced Institute of Technology have synthesised graphene into a 3D form – using silicon dioxide. This 3D form (known as a graphene ball) is used to coat the electrodes of the battery. The result is a massive 45% increase in capacity, and has, as said earlier, 5 times the charging speed.

It’s difficult to get energy in and out of traditional batteries quickly. For example, if you take an Electric Ferrari, you can’t get from 0-60 in 3 seconds? Because graphene is such a good conductor, super capacity batteries could release the kick of energy needed to hit that 0-60 in 3 seconds.

Energy Storage

The 45% capacity increase has other uses. The University of Manchester is testing graphene battery storage with wind and solar power for the national grid.

Graphene Filtration

Graphene oxide membranes are able to form a perfect barrier for liquids and gasses. They can separate organic solvent from water and remove water from a gas mixture. They can even stop helium, the hardest gas to block. Manchester University are currently testing grahene membrane’s for water filtration, gas separation and desalination.

Graphene Semiconductores

Due to it’s unique properties of thinness and conductivity, researchers have seen graphene’s potential as a semiconductor. At only 1 atom thick, graphene can conduct electricity at room temperature. These two useful properties could mean an end to silicon computer chips for graphene chips. The research has already shown that graphene chips are much faster processors than silicon chips.

Graphene used for Biomedicine

Graphene displays a lot of useful properties. It has high electrical conductivity, thermal stability and is 200 times stronger than steel. All these properties can be applied to biomedics. It could be applied to healing skin wounds; drug delivery inside the body and potentially change the behaviour of cells inside the body. e.g. Cancer treatment.

Grahene-infused Packaging

Plastic packaging might seem impenetrable but water molecules can still pass through them. This can effect the lifespan of food, electronic goods and medicines.

With a single layer of graphene fused onto polymer packaging, the water absorption is reduced by a million times. Products are then protected from dust, bacteria and water.

For example, a moisture-sensitive device such as an organic light-emitting diode must have water restricting packaging. Graphene infused polymer have increased the diodes lifespan by more than a year compared to 30 minutes with a non-graphene polymer.

Oh, and I forgot to mention the potential use of graphene coatings as a water-repellant surface. It could find use on ship’s hulls, pot/pan liners, glass surfaces(mirrors, windows, windshields) and textiles.

Building the Smart Grid: The Role of IoT in Powering Tomorrow’s Cities

As the population increases in the urban areas of countries, these cities are facing the obstacles of directing sufficient power to cater to everyone’s needs while employing the functions of these outdated power grids. Built many decades ago, current electric grids are unpredictable in performance, expensive to operate, and unproductive. A single fallen stick from a tree can result in black outs in areas for long periods of time. Not to mention, these power grids also cause damage to the environment by increasing pollution levels.

The Internet of Things (IoT ) has the technological prowess to evolve the way we plan out cities across the world. IoT links people and governments to smart city solutions with the help of Smart Grid technology, specially curated to take the place of the older structures The benefits of exploring IoT monitoring and regulation in relation to smart grids are -

Efficient Energy Use

Smart Grid technologies will help in lowering energy consumption and expenses through usage and data maintenance. For example, intelligent lighting with the help of smart city technology will be able to regulate usage across distinct areas, swiftly adapt to external factors like rain or fog, alter output to meet the specific period of the day or particular traffic conditions, predict and address lighting outages at an instant. For consumer uses, they can regulate the temperature of their home thermostats through mobile interfaces while they are at office or on holiday.

Sustainable Energy

Smart Grid technologies are less exhaustive on batteries, are carbon efficient, and made to lower the peak load on distribution feeders. Developers can even strive to inculcate green technology into their IoT smart management for more sustainable grids. Efficient wind turbines, solar cells, microgrid technologies, and feeder automation systems have the capability to boost multiple phases of the distribution chain.

Systematic Transportation

IoT smart sensors can accumulate data on a real-time basis to transmit it to drivers and authorities. This will eventually minimize traffic congestion, offer elevated parking solutions, inform drivers of traffic incidents and structural damage to city landscapes, and enable automated payments at road tolls and parking gates. In the future, IoT technology will probably even be able to wirelessly charge electric vehicles.

Waste & Water Management

Smart cities elevate productivity and lower expenses in their waste and water management applications. IoT applications offer real-time data to trace inventory and mitigate theft/loss. Similarly, cloud-based technologies and traffic control can ensure better scheduling and time spent on certain routes. Smart energy analytics can collate information on water flow, pressure, temperature, amongst others to aid consumers in keeping track of their usage habits.

Why Your Mindset Is Vital During a Pandemic

No one will dispute that we are undergoing challenging times right now as a result of COVID-19 a.k.a. the Coronavirus. Most all of us are suffering from varying degrees of hardship. What differentiates how well you adapt has less to do with the severity of the hardship you are under, and more to do with your outlook or mindset about it.

In its simplest form this breaks down to two of my most commonly uttered truths: 1) That life consists of 10% what happens and 90% on how you react to it. 2) In order to be as happy and productive as possible, it is vital that you learn how to control what is under your control and let go of everything else.

Let’s start with the first one. I am hearing a lot of people complaining about how much money they have lost in their 401K’s or IRA (Individual Retirement Account) over the past month or so. While I have no reason to doubt that the value of these have dropped significantly, I do contest the fact that they have lost anything at this point. It’s their mindset about the declining value that is causing them all of their anguish, not the loss in value that has happened.

Mine have dropped significantly as well over the same time frame and I am not bothered by this at all. The only difference is our mindsets about it. It is a fact that the value of most of these accounts have dropped significantly, but how does stressing over it make it better? In the crudest terms, by worrying about it and fretting over it now, you are simply giving yourself two problems for the price of one.

Now I’ll share my mindset about the fall in value and you can decide which mindset is healthier. When you put money into a 401K or IRA (except in certain extreme circumstances) you cannot take any money out of them without penalty until you are 59 and ½ years old and are not required to take any money out of them until you reach the age of 70 and ½. I could not have withdrawn any money (without penalty) before the market fall and most of the people I deal with are farther away from being able to withdraw from their accounts than I am.

Markets tend to be higher than they are on a given day ten years after that day historically speaking. So, if you are 49 and 1/2 years old or younger or do not need to tap those funds for ten years anyway, there’s a good probability that it will be worth more (and possibly considerably more) at that time than it was before the markets started falling. Thus, all that worrying did was lower your immunity (during a time when you want it as strong as possible) and make you feel bad and/or fearful.

Another example would be people who have lost their job and are worrying about how they are going to pay their bills etc. Although these concerns are much more immediate, the way you view them will still have the biggest effect on your mood and ability to adapt.

I know of no instance where a negative outlook, filled with bemoaning or worrying about your predicament led to better circumstances for them. A much more productive approach would be to accept that you are where you are and then putting all of your energy into finding solutions or things that may alleviate your problems.

Now for the second one I mentioned above. In order to be as happy and productive as possible, it is vital that you learn how to control what is under your control and let go of everything else. Most of what is happening is beyond our control, like when we can go back to work, or resume our normal lifestyles or get a vaccine etc. There are still many things we can control and I’d recommend starting with how you view things.

If you are glued to the news or social media, chances are you are going to be filled with worries. I’m confident nothing of monumental importance is going to happen without it reaching me in a timely manner. I fail to see how staying on top of the news is going to make me any safer, happier or more productive. As a result, I limit my viewing to a couple of cursory check-ins a day and go about making the best of the things I do still have available.

If you have too much time on your hands and are feeling bored add more structure to your day. Take up a new hobby, learn something new or do something you have been putting off until you had more time. The possibilities are endless and taking advantage of them will make you feel a lot better than feeding your fears on social media and obsessing over the news.

Do You Need a Car and a Smart Phone to Make Money?

You will need a smart phone to get a job and keep it in today’s economic situation. Your will also need a car to get a good job, which means you need to have good drivers credential.

Thats right in today’s world you will need both these things, even if you want a job delivering fast food such as pizza. Yes a pizza delivery driver. Of course you will need car insurance and the pizza delivery company will not pay for this and you will have to use your own car. These places of so-called employment exist all over Canada, United States of America and in Europe. They will trick you into thinking you are a sole business, but will treat you like an employee without the benefits.

Of course to work for this company you will need a car and a smart phone. This you will have to pay for. The company offers very poor compensation and the people are very rude people to work for.

This is happening my country and is very sad to see. However this is happening all over the world and needs to stop. These places are not fun to work in. They will use you and take your weak personality and use it to make you a slave to their very bad way they treat people.

Many of these places offer employment. However it is very fast paced and stressful with low pay. It is especially bad as a delivery driver as you are forced to use your own vehicle and pay for gas without proper compensation. Think about it, even you if take home $18 per hour driving your car for one these fast food places you still have to pay for the gas, car insurance and the wear and tear on your vehicle. Of course they will still treat you like an employee without the benefits. But after watching how they treat the employees you are probably better of being a delivery driver. However you will never get ahead working for these fast food places.

There are other ways to make money. Often this requires a little computer savvy. If you have an internet connection and a smart phone you can make money. This involves selling a product on the internet. There are a number of companies that will allow to sell their products using the internet. These companies will allow to become an affiliate with no cost to you. Each time you sell one of their products they will give a commission.